Rajasthan is a land of historical places, forts and palaces. Bikaner is not an exception to it. You can explore the Bikaner historical places and monuments in Bikaner during your tour to Rajasthan. Bikaner historical places images can give you a clear idea of the monuments in Bikaner.
The following are the few of the historical places in Bikaner
This fort was built by Raja Rai Singhji, the 6th ruler of Bikaner who ruled form 1571 to 1612 A.D. Raja Rai Singhji could Marshal the revenues of a Kingdom increased by the conquest of half Marwar and grant of half Gujarat making use of ample funds from Jodhpur and Western Deccan for the construction of this fort. The fort remains unconquered till date except once, when Kamran supposedly captured it but could not retain it over 24 hours. It has 37 palaces, temples and pavilions that are built in red sandstone and marble. Richly decorated with mirror work, paintings and outstanding stone carvings, the architectural brilliance of the fort is worth seeing.
Suraj Pol (the Sun Gate) is the main doorway of the fort. The palaces are on the southern side of the fort and their courtyards, kiosks, towers and windows make a scenic view. The notable tourist attractions are Chandra Mahal (The Moon palace), Phool Mahal (The flower palace), Karan Mahal (Karn Palace), Anup Mahal, Diwan-e-Khas (Public Audience Hall), Hawa Mahal (the Wind Palace), Badal Mahal (the Cloud Palace), Rang Mahal (the Color Palace), Dungar Mahal, and Ganga Mahal.
The Lalgarh Palace
The architectural masterpiece in red sandstone was built by Maharaja Ganga Singhji in memory of his father Maharaja Lal Singh between 1902 -1926. This magnificent palace is an example of pure Rajput architecture. Designed by Sir Swinton Jacob, this palace has several grand halls, lounges, cupolas and pavilions. The exotic palace has magnificent pillars, richly carved fire mantles, Italian colonnades and motif of lotus in full bloom, adding to the magic of this jewel of the desert. Walls of palaces are reminiscent of the past vintage etchings, hunting trophies and old portraits. The treasure trove where the guests can spend hours 'walking in the past', the palace has its own museum and library (the fourth largest in the world), clay pigeon trap and skeet shooting traps facilities at adjoining ranges. Palace has wild peacocks spreading their feathers at almost every step flowering rows of bougainvillea. Bikaner royal family still lives in part of the palace. A portion of palace is now a hotel.
Havelis are ancient mansions of dwelling of the noble and wealthy. They are known for their opulent life style and intricate carvings and craftsmanship along with sprawling courtyards. Bikaner is full of such havelis and the notable amongst them belong to Kotharis, Rampurias, Vaids and Dagas. To view these havelis the suggested route is Gogagate, Daddhon Ka Chowk, Rangari Chowk, Assanion Ka Chowk, Mohta Chowk, Binnanion Ka Chowk, Daga Chowk, BK School and Jassuar Gate.
Bhandeswari Jain Temple
It is a 15th century temple and is the oldest monument of Bikaner. The temple is decorated with rich mirror work, frescoes and gold leaf paintings.
The Karni Mata temple
Deshnok the temple is situated 30 km from Bikaner. The temple is dedicated to an early 15th century mystic, considered to be a reincarnation of Goddess Durga. This temple is quite famous for a large number of brown rats running around the temple complex fearlessly. It is believed that the souls of dead Charans (traditional bards, the devotees of Mata) reside in these rats. It is considered very lucky to spot a rat in the temple. During the time of aarti, these rats are offered sweets, grains, etc by the devotees. Ganga Singh, the former ruler of Bikaner, got the temple constructed totally of marble. Karni Mata temple has silver and gold domes. Even the mandap and the panels above the image are made up of gold. The main gate of the Deshnok Rat temple, Bikaner has been intricately worked upon.
The Karni Mata temple is visited not only by the Rajasthanis, but devotees from all over India and even abroad pay a visit to the temple. At the time of Navaratri, a fair is held at the temple. Devotees from places far and wide flock to the temple at that time, some even on foot. Day by day, the faith in Karni Mata is increasing, attracting more and more devotees to the place. Whenever the wishes of the devotees get fulfilled, they offer silver and gold to the goddess at the temple.
Ganga Golden Jubilee Museum
Is one of the best amongst the many royal museums in Rajasthan. Its reputation has been enhanced by its rare collection of terra-cotta ware, weapons, miniature paintings from the Bikaner School and coins. The exhibits are splendid masterpieces of Harappa civilization, Gupta and Kushan era and sculptures of the late classical time. The Bikaneri miniatures which are displayed in a separate section for local arts, makes visit to the museum a must.
It's a museum located in the great Junagarh Fort. The museum is dedicated to royal costumes, textiles and accessories. 'Poshaks' or the ladies ensemble displayed are perhaps the last remnants of the traditional designing styles and workmanship. Prachina is museum opened in 2000 by daughter of Maharaja Narendra Singh Ji. It is an endeavor to recreate the past and highlight the pace of modernization activated with times and a representation of regional museum as there was a lacuna of courtly tradition and craft Museum in Bikaner. Prachina is an effort to highlight the aristocratic patronage which thrived and survived in Bikaner. Changes embarked by the western influences appear strikingly. The vivid glimpses of legacy that survived in the contemporary Bikaner are also visible. This museum hopes to build and develop a cultural center to revive the dying craft of Bikaner.
The Royal crematorium is a world class example of architectural marvels of historical India. Devi-kund is the site of royal cenotaphs (Chattris) of the Bikaji Rathores, the great rulers of the Bika dynasty. Reflecting the Rajputana architectural style, the Devi-kund chattris steal the hearts of tourists. There are several chattris, One each for one Bika ruler constructed at the exact spot where he was cremated. The crematorium for royal adult men are white structures canopied with an upright stela engraved their name, portrait. For royal wives are canopied structures covering a horizontal plaque with a pair of footprints often marked with the kind of henna patterns drawn on the feet for a wedding or festival. And those for children are small white cubes are not canopied.
Gajner Wildlife Sanctuary
The lake and forested hills of this reserve, thirty two km from Bikaner on the Jaisalmer road, are inhabited by wildfowl, hares, wild boar, desert foxes and a number of deer and antelopes including black bucks and blue bulls. The lake at Gajner attracts water birds in thousands. Imperial sand house migrate here in winter. Gajner Wildlife Sanctuary, houses the former hunting lodge of Bikaner and has a beautiful lake surrounded by a dense forest. This old royal hunting lodge of Gajner is 20 miles of west of Bikaner was the venue of Maharaja Ganga Singhs legendary Shikar Parties. The lodge itself, a sprawling deep-pink affair, ornamented with delicate lattice screens and cupolas is set in lush gardens by the side of a picturesque lake.
Today Gajner is a good place to see Blackbuck, Chinkara, Chittal, Sambar, Wild Boar and Bustard. The Maharaja still uses the lodge for weekends, but most of it, like Lallgarh palace, has been converted into a hotel.
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