Standing amidst the Western Ghats Mountains, Wayanad is one of the exquisite hill stations of Kerala. It was a fairly unknown tourist location in recent past. However, its beautiful location in the hills and greenery is attracting travelers in larger numbers every year. One day it is surely going to be the most favored destination amongst Kerala tourist destinations. The Wayanad district in North Kerala is a beautiful tropical mountainous region with dense, evergreen vegetation and towering mountains and hills, often hidden in mist and surrounded by clouds, generally appearing bluish in color.
A hilly district lying close to the Sahya ranges and with almost one fourth of the total land area under forest cover, Wayanad is known for its lovely mist studded hill stations, sprawling spice plantations, luxuriant forests and rich cultural traditions. Situated at a height of around 2100 M above sea level, it is bound on the east by the Nilgiris and the Mysore districts of Tamilnadu and Karnataka respectively. The climate is very healthy, with pure air and a cool breeze blowing most of the time.It is considered as a revenue state due to yield of foreign exchange of cash crops such as vanilla, tea, coffee, pepper, cardamom and many other herbs. Wayanad shelters endangered species as it has an amazing range of flora and fauna. Wildlife and nature lovers will find Wayanad wildlife sanctuaries amazing with a wide treasure of wild life. This region is enjoying a pleasant climate the whole year.
Numerous evidences depicting new Stone Age civilization is seen on the Wayanad hills. The history about Wayanad says that in ancient times, it was ruled by the Veda tribes. This was then taken by Pazhassi Rajas, and later Hyderali conquered it. When Tipu Sultan took over, he handed it to British. British introduced cash crops, laid roads and developed the region significantly. Wayanad is the northernmost hill district in Kerala, with its headquarters in the town of Kalpetta. Wayanad District in the north-east of Kerala, India was formed on November 1, 1980 as the 12th district by carving out areas from Kozhikode and Kannur districts. The region was known as Mayakshetra (Maya's land) in the earliest records. Mayakshetra evolved into Mayanad and finally to Wayanad. It is far from the tourist hubs of Kerala, such as Munnar and Alleppey, which has kept the region relatively serene and untouched. The natural scenic beauty of Wayanad and its rich natural resources offer several opportunities for adventure tourism.
Specialty of Wayanad is that it has the largest population of aborigine people in Kerala. The native tribals called adivasis mainly consist of various sects like Paniyas, Kurumas, Adiyars, Kurichyas, Ooralis, and Kattunaikkans etc.
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