Jodhpur has a rich architectural and historical background. The exquisiteness of the Jodhpur forts and monuments is sure to enchant the tourists. There are number of famous palaces of Jodhpur that are worth seeing. Their preservation is the result of the combined efforts of the tourism department of the Rajasthan Government and the royal families of Jodhpur.
Lining the city and its landscape are various forts and monuments. Each of these places has some history attached to it. You will find it very interesting to take a tour of these >ancient places in Jodhpur and discover about them. So, make sure to visit these places on your trip to Jodhpur. Without a visit to these forts and monuments, your trip to Jodhpur will be incomplete. There are several places to see in Jodhpur, India during your tour to this region. Some of the monuments and historical places in Jodhpur
Khimsar Fort Palace
It is located at a distance of 90 km from Jodhpur. The initial construction of the fort dates back to the early 16th century. At that point of time, the main purpose behind building the fort was security during war times. However around mid 18th century the royal family converted it into their residence. It was then that the Zenana (ladies residence) was constructed. In the Zenana, exquisitely carved windows were built to serve as the veil for the ladies in waiting. The most recent addition to the Khimsar Fort Palace was carried out in the 1940's. This was when Thakur Onkar Singh, the present chief and the 17th direct descendant of Rao Karamsi built a regal wing for himself.
In spite of all the alterations and additions done to the fort from time to time, it displays an amazing heterogeneity. Presently, it has been converted into Khimsar Palace Heritage Hotel. In fact, it is counted amongst the premier Heritage Hotels of India.
Nestling in the middle of the Umaid Public Garden, this museum houses a rich collection of exhibits - armory, textiles, local arts and crafts, miniature paintings. Portraits of rulers, manuscripts and images of Jain Tirthankars.
Mehrangarh fort is a large fort located in the heart of the city. This Fort was built by Maharaja Man Singh. Accommodation in Jodhpur Hotels around this tourist attraction can be arranged in any Jodhpur sightseeing trip. Earlier called the Chintamani fort, the fort was built in 1459 by Rao Jodha the founder of Jodhpur on the summit of a steep hill called the Bakharchiriya or bird’s nest. The citadel was fortified by eight Pols or gates (now reduced to seven) regulating entry into the premises. The expansive ramparts of the castle span some 10 km, and if you stand atop the fort, you do get a bird’s eye view of the city with its whitewashed homes.
Pali city near Jodhpur is named after the Paliwal Brahmins. They were once the inhabitants of this area. However the civilization of the ancient Pali city was highly evolved. The land of Pali was leased to the Paliwalis by the then chief of Mandore. Paliwalis were priests formerly. But after getting the leased land, they cultivated it diligently, abandoning their former priestly profession.
Jodhpur Pali City also has two temples. The temples of Somnath and Naulakha are very old. Naulakha is a Jain temple having elaborate carvings. While Somnath temple is devoted to Lord Shiva. This temple is known for its handsome bulling having exquisite moldings.
Luni Fort Jodhpur
Situated about 35 km from Jodhpur, Luni is a small town which is mainly reputed for its marvelous citadel called Fort Chanwa. Carved out of red sandstone which was brought from Jodhpur, the fort has an array of courtyards, pavilions, passages, beautifully sculpted latticed windows, topped by a roof top which provides a panoramic view of the hamlets below and the Thar Desert beyond. The fort looks spectacular at nightfall with its huge gates and protective walls standing out proudly under the night sky. All in all, the fort is a wonderful example of the symmetry and grace of Indian architecture of the 19th century. The fort like many others all over Rajasthan has been converted into a heritage hotel with all the modern amenities available. The credit for this goes to Dalip Singh, the youngest son of Maharaja Umaid Singh of Jodhpur and his wife Rani Madhu. If you visit Luni it will serve as your best accommodation.
To the left of the Mehrangarh Fort complex is the Jaswant Thada of Jodhpur. It is a 19th century royal cenotaph built in commemoration of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II, the 33rd Rathore ruler of Jodhpur. The son of Maharaja Jaswant Singh, Maharaja Sardar Singh, in the memory of his father built the Jaswant Thada. The cenotaph has two more tombs within it near to this are the royal crematorium and three other cenotaphs. Famous Jaswant Thada in Jodhpur is an example of architectural brilliance in India. It is a white marble memorial, built out of intricately carved sheets of marble. The carving shows the genius of the sculptors. These stones are extremely thin and polished. As a result, the outside surface of the monument emits a warm glow when the sunrays fall on its surface.
Umaid Bhavan Palace
Jodhpur is one of India's most imposing and recent palaces. Umaid Bhavan palace of Jodhpur, Rajasthan was built by Maharaja Umaid Singh. It is named after him only. He utilized the services of a well-known Edwardian architect, Henry Vaughan Lanchester for the construction of this palace. It contains 347 rooms. It was actually built for the welfare of the people. The purpose was to give employment to the people of Jodhpur during a long period of drought and famine. The construction of the palace utilized approximately one million square feet (90,000 m²). Another special feature of the palace is the use of a special type of sandstone, called Chittar sandstone, giving it a special appearance. Umaid Bhavan palace of Jodhpur is a fine example of Indo-Saracenic architecture. Over 3000 artisans were employed in the construction of this palace. The Umaid Bhavan palace was converted into a heritage hotel in 1977. The Palace is now segmented into the Royal residence, the Heritage Hotel and the Museum.
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