Assan Barrage Bird Sanctuary
It was established in the year 1967 as a small man-made wetland at the convergence point of Rivers Yamuna and Assan in Dehradun. Since it is near to Dhalipur power house, it is also known as Dhalipur Lake. The area is full of lush green trees and a calm 287.5 m long water body which attracts a large population of local as well as migratory birds. The area covered by this avian haven is just four sq kms but the profusion of foliage ensures that birds are not disturbed by bird-watching enthusiasts. The humbling thing is that many of the birds seen here are globally threatened and are listed in the extremely endangered IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Red Data book.
Assan Barrage Bird Sanctuary is located at approximately 40 kms west of Dehradun on Dehradun-Paonta road. The best time to visit Assan Barrage Bird Sanctuary is from October to December and from mid March to almost end of April. Serious and professional bird watchers can also have a wonderful time between the months of early May to September end. A lot of migratory birds come visiting the place at this time.
The Assan Barrage Bird Sanctuary attracts around 53 species of avian fauna out of which nineteen are winter migratory birds from Eurasia. The population of birds consists of Pintail, Red Crested Pochard, Ruddy Shelduck, common Pochard, Mallard, Coot, Gadwall, Common Teal, Shoveller, Egrets, Herons, Tufted Duck and Lapwing.
Rajaji National Park
It was established in 1983 amidst the bio diverse area of the Shivalik Hill range on the Himalayan foothills. The national park’s name has been dedicated to C. Rajagopalachari, popularly known as Raja Ji. He was a prominent freedom fighter, the 1954 recipient of Bharat Ratna and the second and last Governor-General of Independent India. The reserve is spread over 820.42 square kms, covering almost three districts of Uttaranchal Haridwar, Dehradun and Pauri Garhwal. The park has 10 comfortable guest houses. Rajaji National Park is situated in the foothills of the Shiwalik Eco-System near Dehradun, Haridwar and Ramgarh. The park is open from 15th November to 15th June every year. It is closed during monsoons. The altitude level ranges from 300 to 1345 m above sea level so the temperature hovers around 13.1 Celsius to 38.9 Celsius. There are three ways to enter the Rajaji National Park. The first is through the Dehradun - Delhi State Highway which forms the western boundary of the park. The second is through Dehradun-Doiwala-Rishikesh-Haridwar State Highway which passes through the forests of Ramgarh, Motichur, Kunao and Chila. One can also reach the park through Saharanpur by train. One has to get off at Mohand and then its and hour’s journey by road. The Rajaji National Park has approximately 49 species of mammals, 315 species of birds, 49 species of reptiles, 10 species of amphibians and 49 of Piscean species. This park has the largest population of elephants in Uttarakhand and a large population of tigers and leopards. The other inhabitants of the park consist of Wild Cat, Goral, Rhesus Macaque, Himalayan Yellow Throated Marten, Monitor, Lizard, Indian Hare, Sloth, Himalayan Black Bear, King Cobra, Jackal, Barking Deer, Sambar, Wild boar, Indian Langur, Indian Porcupine and Pythons. The population of birds consists of the Great Pied Hornbill, Himalayan Pied Kingfisher, Sparrows, Fire Tailed Sunbird and the Peacock (Indian National Bird).
Malsi Deer Park
Enroute Mussoorie 10 kms. from Dehradun, is situated a beautifully developed tourist spot lying at the foot hills of the Shivalik range. Malsi Deer Park is a mini-zoological park comprising of a children's park enveloped by beautifully natural surroundings. Along with the attractive environs the availability of refreshments makes the place an ideal sightseeing cum picnic spot.
Dehradun is the capital of Uttaranchal. The Uttaranchall is considered as the state where the 60% of the area of the land is forested. Therefore the state is obviously the destination for the wildlife tourism. There is also some of the wildlife in Dehradun also. The wildlife in Dehradun is rich with the different fauna and flora and has also marked the land which is blessed by the protective nature. The wildlife in Dehradun is very unique and special. The wildlife in Dehradun is considered very adventurous to the visitors. Some of the national parks and the sanctuaries of wildlife in Dehradun are discussed as below.
Valley of Flowers National Park
This is a park which is created in the year 1981. This park covers the area of the 87 sq km. The town which is very near to this park is the Karna Parayag which is situated at the distance of the 33 km. one can here see the different varieties of the fauna such as the monal, leopards, pheasants, Himalayan Kthar and musk deer. This park also includes the rest house. The best time for visiting this park is in the month of July and August.
Nada Devi National park
This is a park which was set up in the year 1980 and is located in the district of the chamoli which is very near to the Dehradun. This park covers the total area of the 630 sq km. We can watch animals like the barrel, Himalayan bear, goral, sambar, pheasant, musk deer, green pigeon, snow pigeon, snow leopard, panther, wild boar and monal etc. the most favorable time for visiting the park are the months of April to September.
All these above mentioned wildlife sanctuaries and national parks are not basically situated in Dehradun but are located very near to it.