Arunachal Pradesh, the Land of Rising Sun, is the most magical and mystical place at the northern tip of Eastern India. Arunachal gives you the pleasure of enjoying its unique culture, its festivals, art and culture and flora and fauna. Sparsely populated the bewitching land has to its credit picturesque mountains, flowing rivers and abundant valleys. Found in the ancient texts, Purana and Mahabharata, Arunachal holds immense historical as well as spiritual essence. Arunachal Pradesh covering an area of 83,743 square kilometers, the largest of the seven units of the Eastern India is surrounded by Tibet in the north, Nagaland and Assam in East while Bhutan in the west. It is interesting to note that there are 82 ethnic tribes of the Indo-Mongoloid origin that make up the population of Arunachal Pradesh. The groups have their own unique social and cultural identities. They speak different languages, and follow different customs and beliefs.
Some of the most favored Tourist Places in Arunachal Pradesh are
The Buddhist Temple
A new but beautiful yellow- roofed shrine, it rises from well maintained grounds behind a stupo tree planted by His Holiness The Dalai Lama. The grounds of the temple afford a good view of Itanagar Town.
The 6 km drive to the lake from Itanagar takes visitors on a rugged road through some superbly primeval jungles, Bamboo groves, orchids massed on tall trees are some of the vegetation which can be identified by the interested travelers. Stopping at the base of a hill, one has to take a flight of steps uphill. At the top of the ridge one looks down on a serene green forest lake which one has to cross in a row boat. Today, it is a beautiful spot for outings, boating and picnics.
The State Museum
In the gallery at the ground floor, the political and administrative development of the area, population of the various tribal groups as per 1991 census, socio cultural heritage of the people and their lifestyle have been depicted, with the help of maps and Dioramas. While the life-styles of all the major tribes have been depicted, the display maps cover a wide range of subjects such as the people, house types, festivals, dances, handicrafts, textile designs, musical instruments, weapons of war and chase, important developments, Malinithan, Itafort, Noksaparbat, Kundil valley civilization and historical sites.
An interesting little botanical garden atop a ridge overlooking the town. Visitors should notice the cane thicket, it looks a bit like a palm with spines on its stems, but grows as a bush. There is a small zoo. Actual specimens of arts and crafts particularly wood carving objects, musical instruments, headgears, religious paraphernalia etc. have been displayed in show cases. Thus the ground floor gallery gives a panoramic view of Arunachal Pradesh. The gallery on the upper floor has six sections-textiles, archaeology, ornaments, basketry, weapons and household articles. Actual specimens from among the different tribes of Arunachal Pradesh are on display under different sections. The Archaeology Section has been arranged to give some idea about the heritage of the state, found at excavated sites of Malinithan, Itafort, Noksaparbat, Bhismaknagar have been exhibited closed on Monday.
The land of the Monpa and Sherdukpen tribes with centuries-old monastery, Dragon gates, hundred pristine lakes and numerous waterfalls, situated high up in the misty-eyed Eastern Himalaya, savoring its wonderful isolation. The true beauty lies in the unhampered vistas, serenity of its lakes, restlessness of brooks, and the spiritual fragrance and ever smiling people.
The soggy, rocky mountains, snow capped summits and old Monasteries looming large in the skyline, are the real treasures of the place. The township stands on the spur of a hill over 12,000 ft. above the sea level. It is the major centre of the Mahayana Buddhist and the headquarter of Tawang district.
Tawang is famous for its 400 years old Buddhist Monastery locally called Gumpha. It is the fountainhead of spiritual life of the followers of the Gellupa sect of the Mahayana school of Buddhism. The Tawang Monastery is associated with the famous Torgva festival
which is held in the eleventh Monpa month called the Dawa Chukchipah during December - January as per the Buddhist Calendar. The Tibetan influence here is unmistakable, with the elaborately painted wooden windows and other motifs. Prayer flags flutter in the breeze outside. There is an 8 meter high gilded statue of Lord Buddha here. A must visit is the craft centre which produces very fine woollen carpets of colourful designs and masks. Se La Pass, Lies on the way to Tawang .The World's Second highest Pass, the Sela Pass at 4,125 meter, which runs through a small ridge and along a placid lake called the Paradise Lake in India. The highest pass of the state of Arunachal Pradesh and the third highest of the world is a wonderful place to visit.
Pakang Teng Tso Lake
The spectacular lake lies at about 17 km from Tawang and a dazzling example of the hidden treasure amidst the vast green vegetation.
The birth place of Tsangyang Gyasto, the sixth Dalai Lama of a Monpa Mother, and belonging to Nyingmapa sect is situated at a distance of 5 km from Tawang.
The headquarters of West Kameng district is situated at a height of 2,530 m which offers spectacular panoramic views of Himalayan landscapes and snow clad mountains. Bomdila, lies amidst apple orchards, wild orchids, forests and cascading waterfalls. This area has had strong Tibetan and Buddhist influences over many centuries and hence there are many Buddhist monasteries called 'Gumphas' here. There is a craft centre here which produces very fine carpets of colourful designs and masks. Other places of interest here are apple orchards and the Ethnographic Museum Bhalukpong a beautiful picnic spot was the capital of Bhaluka, the grandson of King Bana. This beautiful place lies at 64km from Tezpur on the foot of Aka Hills (Arunachal Pradesh). The remains of the fortification of the kings are still visible. The hot spring, a big orchid garden at Tipi and the unspoiled beauty of nature, is the priced possession of the place. Jia-bharali River passing through the place is angler's paradise. This picturesque spot lies on the way to Bomdila and is the gateway to Arunachal Pradesh, from the south west.
Asia's largest orchidarium, the Orchid Research Centre is located here in the West Kameng district. The Orchid centre on the bank of river Bharali, surrounded by evergreen forest has more than 500 species of orchids. On display are some of the finest species with names like the Dainty Lady's Slipper or the more formal sounding Dendrobium. Arunachal has the largest range of orchids in India and at Tipi; scientists are creating new, hybrid species using the latest techniques of bio technology. Buses are also available from Bomdila and Bhalukpong.
Dirang is the sub-divisional headquarters in West Kameng districts; situated in between Bomdila and Tawang. Of interest are Apple orchards, yak breeding farms, a few kilometers from Dirang and hot springs where people go for a holy dip to wash away sins and diseases and Kalachakra Gompa. Ideal for Trekking and hiking. Recommended clothing is heavy woollen in winter and light woollen in inclement weather and cotton in summer.
A modern settlement built in the vicinity of the ruins of a medieval capital. The capital of Arunachal Pradesh
, it is a beautiful historic city, also known as 'the Land of the Dawnlit Mountains '. It is located to the east of Tawang and has been identified with Mayapur, a city of the 14th or 15th century A.D. If we think in detail about historical forts in Arunachal Pradesh, Itafort is a historical fort situated at the heart of the capital complex in Papum Pare District. It is a fort of irregular shape, built mainly with bricks. Total brick work is of 16,200 cubic meters length. There are three gates on three sides viz; Eastern, Western, and Southern which is said to be built by Ahoms. It is estimated that more than 80 lakhs of bricks, 45 cubic meters of stone and 46,300 man days were required to build the fort. Besides this, other places of interest are the Buddhist Monastery, Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Museum, and Emporium and Ganga Lake where boating facilities are available. Naharlagun, situated at a distance of 10km from Itanagar, is a twin town of Itanagar. One can visit the Zoo, Craft Centre, and Polo Park. The place is ideal for trekking, hiking, boating and canoeing on the River Ganga and angling on the River Dikrong.
A picturesque valley of the Apatani plateau to the north of Itanagar. The valley is surrounded pine covered mountains. The place is the home of Apatani tribes. High altitude fish farm, Pine Bamboo groves, villages, indigenous method of rice cultivation, craft centre are the major attraction of the place. The smell of the mist, the taste of the breeze and the sound of the forest make it worth travel. The place is an Anthropologist's delight. Talley Valley in Apatani dialect is the name of a plant and to many other tribes the word means paradise. Talley valley is 30 kms from Hapoli (Ziro) the densely populated township in the Apatani Plateau and the headquarters of the Lower Subansiri District. It is a picturesque little township with the local population growing paddy, which is the main agricultural produce in terraces. The concept of paddy-cum-pisciculture has attracted people and has turned economically purposeful for their prosperity.
Daporijo is a large village town situated at the confluence of the Sippi and Subansiri rivers. It is the District Headquarters of Upper Subansiri district and is situated on the right bank of River Subansiri. Places of interest are the local villages in and around and a beautiful cave a few kilometers away. The place is ideal for trekking and angling on River Subansiri.
On way to Along one can see the historical Malinithan temple. The Legendary Akashi Ganga, a point from which one gets an unusual over view of the Brahmaputra and its tributaries. Mithun and Jersey cross breeding farm at Kamki, 25 kms from here is another interesting visit.
This is the headquarters of East Siang district, situated on the right bank of river Siang. Siang is the name of river Brahmaputra in Arunachal Pradesh. A visit to Dr. D. Ering Wildlife Sanctuary where wild buffalos, tigers, samber deer and wild ducks are found in plenty is a must. Other places of interest are the surrounding villages and the Emporium. Pasighat is ideal for river rafting, boating, angling, trekking and hiking. The Brahmaputra Darshan, festival has become a bi-annual fest.
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